What is Anxiety?
It is a feeling, when a person starts feeling uneasy and gets worried about something, which can either be mild or really severe. It is a very common problem, which is faced by a lot of people in today’s world. Everyone gets this feeling/anxiety at some age in their life, which makes their life a little hard.
Though Anxiety and Depression have different symptoms, it is common that the person with depression also experiences anxiety. It is difficult to recognize what your problem is unless you are completely familiar with both the terms. If a person has anxiety, s/he will have a sense of vulnerability and doubt towards future events. If a person is going through depression, s/he won’t show fear and won’t be preoccupied with worrying. A depressed person may have difficulty making a decision and feels ambivalent, whereas an anxiety’s predominant characteristic is fear. So, people, who have anxiety, can be depressed at some stage in their life.
Common examples of anxiety are fear of exams, being worried about some medical test, etc.
Types of Anxiety
- Panic Disorder: Some people have panic disorder, when they suddenly feel terror, which affects them really badly and they, most of the times, faint.
- Social Anxiety Disorder: People with this problem face low self-confidence and gets overwhelmingly worried about the situation when they are in a social circle. These people find it hard to communicate with others.
- Specific Phobia: People suffering from this kind of anxiety have a fear from different objects and situations. They get scared of dark rooms, height, insects, blood, and things like that.
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder: This kind of anxiety is based on unrealistic and excessive worries, in which even if there is nothing to provoke the situation, a person gets worried.
Symptoms of Anxiety
There are a lot of symptoms, which show that you have anxiety disorder. Some may have one symptom, while others may have a combination of symptoms.
Following are the most common ones;
- Getting depressed about things, even if nothing is wrong
- Feeling of panic
- Feeling of fear and uneasiness
- Shortness of breath
- Dry mouth
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Tingling in the feet
- Cold or sweaty hands
- Heart palpitations
- Muscle tension
- Can’t stay calm or still
How to Manage Anxiety?
There are many ways to treat anxiety, and the following are the common and most effective ones today;
- Medication: Benzodiazepines, such as Xanax, are often prescribed for anxiety. However, one must be careful with these as they are addicting. Persons with a history of addiction can be very vulnerable to getting addicted to this class of medications though s/he has no history of taking them. Some anti-depressant medications have an anti-anxiety component to them that can be very effective as well.
- Psychotherapy: Counseling is proven to be the best, most natural and effective way to treat the anxiety. Patients have one to one meeting with the psychologist, who gets to know the causes behind the problem and treats them with therapeutic techniques.
- Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: This is a special one to one meeting with a psychologist, which helps the patient to not only recognize the problem himself, but also change the thought patterns, which in turn helps in overcoming the problem.
- Dietary & Lifestyle Changes: It helps in naturally overcoming the problem by changing the behavior towards diet and lifestyle.
- Relaxation Therapy: By meditating regularly, the person can ease the mind and stay healthy all of his life.